Sudo with LDAP

Most people who use *nix systems are probably familiar with sudo. At a customer I’ve been working for there used to be a vast machine park with sudo installations, all slightly different in configuration. Maintaining these configurations was not an easy task. Enter LDAP. Using LDAP for storing the sudo configuration we can now have a single point for configuring sudo, with instant updates on all machines.
I’ll explain what needs to be done to ldap-i-fy your sudo configuration below.
sudo cartoon xkcd

Put the following schema in your ldap config

dn: cn=schema
attributeTypes: ( NAME 'sudoUser' DESC 'User(s) who may run sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SUBSTR caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch SYNTAX X-ORIGIN 'SUDO' )
attributeTypes: ( NAME 'sudoHost' DESC 'Host(s) who may run sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SUBSTR caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch SYNTAX X-ORIGIN 'SUDO' )
attributeTypes: ( NAME 'sudoCommand' DESC 'Command(s) to be executed by sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SYNTAX X-ORIGIN 'SUDO' )
attributeTypes: ( NAME 'sudoRunAs' DESC 'User(s) impersonated by sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SYNTAX X-ORIGIN 'SUDO' )
attributeTypes: ( NAME 'sudoOption' DESC 'Options(s) followed by sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SYNTAX X-ORIGIN 'SUDO' )
objectClasses: ( NAME 'sudoRole' SUP top STRUCTURAL DESC 'Sudoer Entries' MUST ( cn ) MAY ( sudoUser $ sudoHost $ sudoCommand $ sudoRunAs $ sudoOption $ description ) X-ORIGIN 'SUDO' )

Restart your ldap server(s) to include the schema

Build sudo with the configure options ‘–with-ldap=<path$gt;’ and –with-ldap-conf-file=/etc/sudo.ldap

Put new sudo binaries on your system(s)

Create /etc/sudo.ldap with the following contents, replacing the ip’s and dc’s

sudoers_base ou=SUDOers,dc=example,dc=com

Create an ldif file with your sudo config (see below for an example)

dn: ou=SUDOers,dc=example,dc=com
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalunit
description: SUDO Configuration Subtree
ou: SUDOers

dn: cn=defaults,ou=SUDOers,dc=example,dc=com
cn: defaults
sudooption: ignore_dot
sudooption: !mail_no_user
sudooption: !root_sudo
sudooption: log_host
sudooption: logfile=/var/log/sudolog
sudooption: !syslog
sudooption: timestamp_timeout=10
objectClass: top
objectClass: sudoRole
description: Default sudoOption’s

dn: cn=Rule1,ou=SUDOers,dc=example,dc=com
cn: Rule1
sudooption: !authenticate
objectClass: top
objectClass: sudoRole
sudohost: ALL
sudocommand: /some/command
sudocommand: /some/other/command
sudouser: ALL
description: Allowed without password for ALL users

The first block of code contains the container for the rest of the sudo configuration, just leave this as-is. The second block contains the default options for sudo. Configure these to your liking, they are the same as for the non-ldap config, and are documented in the manual-page.

The third code-block lists a sample sudo rule. Repeat these as often as needed. The fields ‘sudohost’, ‘sudocommand’ and ‘sudouser’ are required, ‘sudooption’ is optional, and can override the defaults specified above.

Sudocommand should be repeated for every single executable (or use wildcards, not recommended) you want to enable via sudo. Sudouser can take regular usernames, or unix-group names when prefixed by a percent sign (%).

Please note that although commands can be negated (!/some/binary) there are work-arounds, so please think before acting. Users and Hosts can NOT be negated using ldap-configs… this is a current limitation.


Just to get my mind on other things this week I joined Janneke at a nice party at Stampa in Leiden earlier this week, where we enjoyed nice music and dancing till the early hours. Yesterday Janneke, Wiebel and Die-an invited me for dinner over in Leiden where we went to a very nice, but very busy greek restaurant. The food was brilliant. When we left the restaurant at around 23:00 we headed back to Janneke’s place to switch cars, where Wiebel and Die-an headed home and Janneke and me headed towards Mijke’s party (moosfeest) in IBB , Utrecht. The party was very entertaining and relaxing… pictures are at Moosfeest/. I finally headed home at around 06:00 … so I’m still a bit beat.


Yesterday the girl I loved for a year, and with whom i’ve lived with for 5 months told me she was leaving me. I still can’t believe it, though i’m sitting here, all alone, surrounded by her stuff… I must say i’ve never felt worse in my entire life…. the past months were the happiest period in my life, having someone to come home to, someone who loves me, cares for me, and for whom I can care and love. It seems it wasn’t meant to be, she claims to still love me, and I know I can’t see myself living happily without her from now on.

I’ve decided to take the rest of the week off to clean up my life and my appartment… everytime I see some of her stuff I break out in tears, not understanding why she thinks we can’t work things out. I really need to get everything that keeps me reminding of here out of direct sight, or I can’t be here anymore. I hope she will find happyness in where she goes from here and I hope I’ll somehow get over her, because currently I’m an emotional wreck.

Know that I still love you, though it hurts… I hope I can forgive you sometime